Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them. The plant is part of the genus Nicotiana and Solanaceae (nightshade) family. Tobbaco contains drug that are harmful to human health and increases the risk of heart disease. Research shows that, tobacco is the major cause of preventable death globally.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Tobacco kills over 6million people every year with 600,000 of these death occuring to passive or second hand tobacco smokers. Tobacco can be deadly even to passive smokers. Second hand smoke contributes to heart diseases, cancer, and other premature death causing around 8900 premature death annually. The scale of this devastation of human death is shocking, but these deaths are inevitable since active tobacco smokers are not ready to diverse from it.
WHAT DO PEOPLE REALLY THINK ABOUT TOBACCO USE
While most people are aware that tobacco use increases the risk of cancer and heart diseases, there are people who have little or no idea about these. Such people abuse these drugs without actually knowing the side effects of it to their health. Several attempts to bring this to an end are to no avail since these people who abuse the drug are not ready to diverse and are mostly illiterate .Findings show that percentage of adults who believe that smoking tobacco causes heart diseases are very few.
HOW DOES TOBACCO BREAK THE HEART
Tobacco contains over 7000 chemicals these are: the particulate and gas phase. The particulate phase of smoke contains nicotine, a highly addictive substance associated with increase in heart rate, blood pressure and myocardial contractility and total residue which together contribute to heart disease the following ways; impairment of the endothelium (lining of the blood vessel) and reduce level of high density lipoprotein (HDL).
The gas phase contains the poisonous carbon monoxide along with other gases. Carbon monoxide replaces oxygen in the blood thereby reducing the availability of oxygen for the heart muscles and other tissues of the body.
The effects of tobacco predispose both active and passive tobacco smokers to various types of heart diseases such as peripheral artery disease and aortic aneurysm.
SOURCE: Patience Obosu/pinkfmonlinegh.com