A new draft law in China does not contain any regulation regarding birth control. It could be the end of the two-child policy.
On Tuesday, 28 August 2018, the draft law was presented to the Stand Committee of the People’s Republic of China. If the Committee accept this draft, in 2020 there would be no limitations anymore.
China’s child policy
In 1979 the government initiated a stringent one-child policy, i.e. each woman was allowed to have only one child. The state wanted to ensure that it would be possible to provide its population sufficiently despite the scarcity of resources.
According to estimates, – without this strict policy – there would live 300 million more people in China today.
The one-child policy was realized brutally. Women had to undergo compulsory abortions and contraception. Otherwise they would have to expect severe punishments.
In 1984 the state changed the regulations for the first time. Parents living in rural areas were allowed to have a second child if their first one was a girl.
Little by little, the state was forced to make concessions. Since 2016, every woman can have two children. Instead of the baby boom the government hoped for with this two-child policy, the number of babies had gone down.
China is no family-friendly country
Parents fear that they cannot afford a second child because of high rents. In China, parents do not get child benefits or tax allowances. In addition to that, kindergartens and schools demand high fees.
On average, each woman in China has 1,6 children – but it is not enough to counteract the rapidly aging society.
At the moment there are 34 million more men than women in China. Experts estimate that the number of singles will increase up to 24 million until 2020. This would cause increasing property prices, more violent crimes, rapes and prostitution.
In future the state wants to rule out abortions nearly although women were forced to in the last 40 years.
Many people criticize the government for this “change of heart” because the stringent child policy complicated the family planning a lot. “It is always about control”, states a woman.
China hopes again for a baby boom. Whether this will come remains to be seen.
Story by: Katrin Albrecht/ pinkfmonlinegh.com