Cholera outbreak has been a serious issue over the years, the outbreak of the disease has been a major challenge for the government and to the country at large.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Cholera is an acute diarrheal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium vibrio cholerae. Cholera takes between 12 hours and 5 days for a person to show symptoms after ingesting contaminated food or water. It affects both children and adults and can kill within hours.
The deadly disease was first reported in Ghana in 1970 and greater Accra region, with nearly 18% of registered cases.
In June 2014, a cholera outbreak was reported in Ghana. As of 18th August 2014, 6,018 cases including 47 deaths (case fatality rate of 0.9%) had been reported from 34 districts in five regions such as central region, Brong Ahafo region, with 5,558 cases and 45 deaths. As the number of cases was increasing rapidly, Ghana health service requested the assistance of Red Cross.
Greater Accra alone recorded 28,975 cholera cases with 243 deaths. The capital city of Ghana records high cases of cholera as a results of rural urban drift causing overcrowding, poor working conditions and poor sanitation leading to the outbreak of diseases like cholera
Early 2015, the number decreased drastically to 692 with 15 deaths. In August, WHO informed that, no cholera case had been reported in Accra for seven consecutive weeks. Afterwards, the ministry of health issued cholera alert ahead of the rains confirming one case at Accra in 2016
The city of Accra has not recorded any case of the disease since 2017. The chief executive officer of the Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA), Mr. Mohammed Adjei Sowah made this remark when speaking on point of view on Citi TV hosted by Bernard Avle this Monday.
According him, this is an improvement from 2015 when over a hundreds of people died from the disease in Accra alone.
However, activities that might lead to the outbreak of this epidemic disease must be prevented for the benefits of society and the country as a whole.
Refuse sites must be attended to as soon as the land is filled. According to the AMA boss, management at the kpone land fill should resume its 24 hour operation to enable the filth in Accra to unclog.
source: Beatrice Ehwieda/pinkfmonlinegh.com